who is Hamas? What is the role of Hamas?
Hamas stands as a multifaceted Palestinian entity, encompassing both political and militant facets within its organizational structure. Its origins date back to 1987, a significant juncture marked by the eruption of the First Intifada, which was a widespread Palestinian uprising aimed at challenging the Israeli occupation. Since its inception, Hamas has evoked differing perspectives: some nations, most notably Israel and the United States, categorize it as a terrorist organization, while others, particularly certain Arab states, perceive it as a legitimate resistance movement with a justified cause. This organization's dual nature is emblematic of its complexity. On the political front, Hamas made a pivotal stride in 2007 when it effectively seized control of the Gaza Strip. This shift in power followed a tumultuous and violent clash with its rival Palestinian faction, Fatah. Subsequently, Hamas established a de facto governing authority in Gaza and has maintained a firm grip on the territory ever since. Conversely, Hamas possesses a military wing that has actively engaged in armed confrontations with Israel. This military facet of the organization has been responsible for launching rocket attacks from Gaza into Israeli territory, thereby contributing to the ongoing cycle of violence and conflict in the region. Overall, the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, intertwined with Hamas's multifarious role as both a political entity and a military force, has remained a central source of tension and violence in the Middle East for an extended period. The organization's activities and its control over Gaza continue to be pivotal factors in the complex dynamics of the region's enduring strife.